Overall, 2,430 of those studied died, 3,748 were diagnosed with cancer and 1,110 had heart problems.
But, during the course of the study, regular cycling cut the risk of death from any cause by 41%, the incidence of cancer by 45% and heart disease by 46%.
The cyclists clocked an average of 30 miles per week, but the farther they cycled the greater the health boon.
Walking cut the odds of developing heart disease but the benefit was mostly for people walking more than six miles per week.
” This is really clear evidence that people who commute in an active route, particularly by cycling, were at lower danger ,” Dr Jason Gill, from the University of Glasgow, told the BBC News website.
Why cycling is a healthy alternative
Should cycling be allowed on pavements ?
Would these five changes actually help cyclists ?
” You need to get to work every day so if you built cycling into the day it essentially takes willpower out of the equation.
” What we really need to do is change our infrastructure to make it easier to cycle- we need motorcycle lanes, to make it easier to put motorcycles on trains, showers at work .”
People who combined cycling and public transport in their commute also indicated health benefits.